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SOS: 120.000 mennesker i Artsakh (Nagorno-Karabakh) er i øjeblikkelig risiko for folkedrab

Introduktion
af Konflikten

Artsakh (Nagorno-Karabakh) Konflikten

Nagorno-Karabakh konflikten er den længst varende konflikt i det postsovjetiske Eurasien. I 1988 krævede etniske armeniere i Nagorno-Karabakh at den daværende ”Nagorno-Karabakh Autonome Oblast (NKAO)” blev flyttet fra Sovjetiske Aserbajdsjan til Armenien, idet de etniske armeniere i Nagorno-Karabakh blev diskrimineret af aserbajdsjanske myndigheder. Aserbajdsjan svarede på dette krav med pogromer og massakrer af etniske armeniere bosiddende i Baku og Sumgayit i Aserbajdsjan. Da Sovjetunionen faldt, afholdte Nagorno-Karabakh, ligesom andre Sovjetiske Republikker, en folkeafstemning, hvor et overvældende flertal stemte for uafhængighed og Republikken Nagorno-Karabakh blev grundlagt. Til trods for folkeafstemningen, ville Aserbajdsjan ikke anerkende retten til selvbestemmelse i Nagorno-Karabakh og indledte derfor en krig. Da krigen sluttede i 1994, var Nagorno-Karabakh og syv tilstødende distrikter enten fuldt eller delvist befriet af armenske styrker.

OSCE Minsk Gruppen blev grundlagt med henblik pü at forhandle en fredelig løsning pü konflikten. Aserbajdsjan brugte dog militÌr retorik og forøgede sin militÌre budget. I april 2016 startede Aserbajdsjan en intens kamp ved grÌnsen, hvilket rystede regionen. Kampene sluttede fire dage senere, men det var en varsling til hvad der skulle komme.

Under COVID19-pandemien i september 2022 startede Aserbajdsjan en fuldgyldig krig. Efter 44 dages blodigt krig sluttede krigen endelig i morgentimerne d. 10. november med en fredsaftale mÌglet af Rusland. Selvom aftalen ikke formüede at skabe varig og stabil fred, stoppede den de blodigste kampe i regionen i nÌste tre ürtier med over 7.000 militÌre og 170 civile døde og mange flere sürede. Som det fremgür af aftalen, har Aserbajdsjan kontrol over en betydelig del af Republikken Nagorno-Karabakh. Alle de territorier der kom under Aserbajdsjansk kontrol er blevet etnisk udrenset for armeniere, hvilket har resulteret i 30-40.000 internt fordrevne personer (IDPs). Resten af Nagorno-Karabakh patruljeres af russiske fredsbevarende soldater, men styres stadig af Artsakhs demokratiske lokale myndigheder.

Aserbajdsjan har ikke overholdt fredsaftalen fra d. 10. november. De fortsatte med at rykke frem og overtage nye territorier, herunder ogsü territorier der hører til den internationalt anerkendte grÌnser af Republikken Armenien. De har endnu ikke løsladt armenske krigsfanger og fortsÌtter med at tage flere. DernÌst har de etableret en illegal kontrolpunkt og blokeret Lachin-korridoren, som er den eneste vej der forbinder Nagorno-Karabakh med Armenien og resten af verden.

Livsvejen

Baggrund om Blokaden af Lachin-Korridoren

Lachin-korridoren er den eneste vej tilbage, der forbinder Armenien med Artsakh (Nagorno-Karabakh), efter den ødelÌggende krig i 2020 og besÌttelsen af tilstødende grÌnseomrüder af Aserbajdsjan. SidstnÌvnte er en tyrannisk stat, som har gennemført etnisk udrensning af armenske borgere i Aserbajdsjan, f.eks. i Baku og Sumgait, og delvist i Artsakh (Nagorno-Karabakh Autonome Region) flere gange siden 1988.
Lachin-korridoren, den eneste landevej, der giver Armenien direkte adgang til Artsakh (Nagorno-Karabakh), har vÌret blokeret siden 12. december 2022, hvor demonstranter, der hÌvdede at vÌre miljøaktivister, stoppede trafikken ved at opstille telte og dermed blokerede al adgang til mad, medicin og andre essentielle forsyninger til de 120.000 armeniere, der bor i Artsakh.

Den 22. februar 2023 beordrede Verdens Domstolen Aserbajdsjan til at sikre fri bevĂŚgelighed gennem Lachin-korridoren til og fra det omstridte omrĂĽde Artsakh (Nagorno-Karabakh), som et mellemliggende skridt i pĂĽgĂĽende juridiske tvister med Armenien.
Armenien fortalte dommerne ved Verdens Domstolen, formelt kendt som Den Internationale Domstol, at nabolandet Aserbajdsjans blokade var designet til at muliggøre “etnisk udrensning”.

Se her resumĂŠet af Den Internationale Domstols kendelse: https://www.icj-cij.org/node/202558

Som følge af Domstolens afgørelse etablerede aserbajdsjanske sikkerhedsstyrker den 23. april 2023 en kontrolpost, der delvist blokerede Lachin-korridoren, idet de erklÌrede, at Domstolens ordre dermed blev sat i vÌrk ikke desto mindre eskalerede Aserbajdsjan situationen den 15. juni 2023 ved fuldstÌndigt at lukke af for Lachin-korridoren, den eneste adgangsvej mellem Artsakhs hovedstad, Stepanakert, og Armenien. Siden da har Aserbajdsjan forbudt Den Internationale Røde Kors KomitÊs og russiske fredsbevarende styrker at levere enhver form for humanitÌr hjÌlp.

Den 6. juli 2023 bekrÌftede Domstolen sin ordre fra den 22. februar 2023, men Aserbajdsjan har nÌgtet at overholde den. Sidenhen har tragiske hÌndelser som ufrivillige aborter, dødsfald blandt børn og Ìldre regelmÌssigt fundet sted. Senest døde en midaldrende mand af sult.

Børns Virkelige Liv under Blokaden

Statistik om Blokaden

Folket i Artsakh (Nagorno-Karabakh) er under Blokade i deres Hjemland af den Aserbajdsjanske Diktator Aliyev, siden

dage

Den Internationale Domstolskendelse om at OphĂŚve Blokaden i Artsakh (Nagorno-Karabakh) er ikke Blevet Implementeret

dage

Konsekvenserne af Blokaden af Lachin-Korridoren

120.000

Befolkning

30.000

Børn

20.000

Ældre

9.000

Personer med handicap

20.000

Børn er berøvet adgang til uddannelse

2.000

Gravide kvinder

🆘
Befolkningen i Artsakh er i øjeblikkelig risiko for folkedrab!

The Blockade Timeline

2022
3 December
The beginning
Short blockage

Artsakh information headquarters reported that a group of Azerbaijanis blocked the Lachin corridor between Stepanakert and Gorisat at the intersection around Shusha–Dashalty. The road was later reopened after being closed for four hours, but Azerbaijan announced that it would send specialists to the location of the Russian peacekeepers.

10 December
False environmental monitoring

the Ministries of Economy and Environmental Protection and Natural Resources of Azerbaijan issued a joint statement indicating that they would be initiating environmental monitoring in the territory of the Republic of Artsakh. On the same day, a group of Azerbaijanis tried to enter the Kashen mine, but the mine’s security staff did not allow it.

12 December
The blockage

a group of Azerbaijanis calling themselves environmentalists blocked the Lachin corridor. According to the group, they are protesting the “illegal” exploitation of mineral deposits in the region. The participants placed tents in the middle of the road. According to Azerbaijani media, environmental groups protested after being denied access to the Drombon and Kashin mines and demanded a meeting with the commander of the Russian peacekeepers at the time, Andrei Volkov. Human Rights Watch reported that Russian peacekeeping forces also barricaded the road to prevent further escalation of the situation if the participants were to advance to the mines in Artsakh.

13–16 December
Cut off gas supply

Azerbaijan cut off the gas supply from Armenia to Artsakh. The Azerbaijani gas supply agency Azeriqaz denied involvement. On the evening of 13 December Azerbaijani media reported that Internal Troops of the Ministry of Internal Affairs of Azerbaijan and the police arrived to the area of the protests to “ensure the security of the participants of the action”.

14 December
Azerbaijani authorities

Azerbaijani authorities claimed that it was the Russian peacekeeping forces which were blockading the corridor.

16 December
Ecoactivists demand

The alleged “ecoactivists” added to their list of demands “restoration of control by all state structures of Azerbaijan, including the Ministry of Internal Affairs, the State Border Service, and the State Customs Committee” along the Lachin corridor. One of the Azerbaijani self-described protesters Dilara Efendiyeva created a hotline to appeal for assistance in crossing the blockade; however, this has been dismissed as ingenuine or propaganda by many Armenians. On the same day, 40,000–70,000 Artsakh residents rallied in the capital Stepanakert in protest of the blockade,making it one of the largest protests in Nagorno-Karabakh since the 1988 Karabakh movement.

26 December
Armenia’s Security Council secretory statement

Armenia’s Security Council secretory Armen Grigoryan stated that “Armenia is being forced to provide an extraterritorial corridor [referring to the Zangezur Corridor] and join the Union State,” a view which Moscow later denied. This perception was echoed by other Armenian politicians and political analysts who claimed that Russia was using the blockade to obtain concessions from Armenia.

27 December
Azerbaijan specified

Azerbaijan specified that the blockade would be lifted if state monitors were permitted entry into the mining sites used by Artsakh.

28 December
Mining operations were halted at Kashen

Artsakh authorities halted mining operations at Kashen, pending an “international ecological examination” to disprove Azerbaijani claims of environmental damage. The Kashen mine, operated by Base Metals, is Artsakh’s largest corporate taxpayer and private employer.

29 December
The Armenian prime minister criticized the Russian peacekeeping forces

The Armenian prime minister criticized the Russian peacekeeping forces for not maintaining open transport in and out of Artsakh and suggested the role be delegated to a United Nations peacekeeping mission, a suggestion that Azerbaijan rejected.

31 December
Efforts to get the United Nations Security Council to issue

Efforts to get the United Nations Security Council to issue a joint statement on the blockade were not successful. The exact reason was unknown with responsibility being variously attributed to Azerbaijan, France, and Russia: however, Azerbaijan’s ambassador to Belgium and the European Union, Vaqif Sadiqov, credited additional parties for not approving the resolution: “Words of gratitude go to Albania, Russia, UAE & UK! A great job of AZ diplomats!” he wrote in a tweet.

2023
5 January
Call from the parliament of Artsakh

The parliament of Artsakh called on the US, France and Russia to take action to open the corridor or begin the operation of an airlift to Stepanakert’s airport to prevent an “urgent humanitarian crisis”. Artsakh’s state minister, Ruben Vardanyan, said “Pressure from international organizations, European countries and the United States would have great significance. The only solution which will allow us to live normally in this situation in the winter months is the possibility of opening an air bridge.”

8 January
Kindergartens and schools to be shut down

Authorities in Artsakh announced that kindergartens and schools with extended hours will be shut down indefinitely beginning on 9 January due to shortages caused by the blockade.

9 January
Food coupons would be issued

Artsakh announced that coupons would be issued to people in order to purchase scarce supplies. The government issued a rationing system to commence on 20 January of buckwheat, rice, sugar, pasta and cooking oil.

10 January
Armenian prime minister Pashinyan denied claims that Moscow had pressured Armenia

Armenian prime minister Pashinyan denied claims that Moscow had pressured Armenia to join the Union State of Russian and Belarus but said “the reality isn’t as simple as it seems. Sometimes, it’s not the text but the subtext that needs to be considered.” On the same day President of Azerbaijan, Ilham Aliyev in a press conference talking about Lachin corridor stated that: “whoever does not want to become our citizen, the road is not closed, it is open. They can leave, they can go by themselves, no-one will hinder them.”

10 January
High-voltage power line supplying electricity to Artsakh from Armenia was damaged

The electricity operator of Artsakh reported that the high-voltage power line supplying electricity to Artsakh from Armenia was damaged on the Aghavno-Berdzor section of the corridor under Azerbaijani control and that Azerbaijan is hindering restoration works on the line. In addition, the Armenian Prime Minister announced that the planned CSTO military exercises would not be held in Armenia due to the situation, while Moscow downplayed Armenia’s refusal to host the alliance.

12 January
Internet outages in Artsakh

There were widespread Internet outages in Artsakh that lasted an hour and caused fear among local residents. In a Stepanakert-Yerevan online conference, then State Minister Vardanyan stated “We have three choices: to become citizens of Azerbaijan, to leave, or to overcome this situation. This is the struggle for life, we must do everything in our power.”

17 January
Gas supply interrupted

Artsakh’s InfoCenter reported that the only gas pipeline delivering gas to Artsakh from Armenia was interrupted again.

18 January
Azerbaijanis halted a car

Artsakh’s ombudsman reported that Azerbaijanis halted a car escorted by Russian peacekeepers that was carrying children returning to Stepanakert. The Azerbaijanis broke into the car while filming the incident, causing a commotion with one of the children fainting.

19 January
The European Parliament adopted a resolution

The European Parliament adopted a resolution condemning the blockade, describing it as a humanitarian crisis and a violation of the 2020 ceasefire declaration. It also called for Azerbaijan to “protect the rights of Armenians living in Nagorno-Karabakh and refrain from its inflammatory rhetoric that calls for discrimination against Armenians and urges Armenians to leave Nagorno-Karabakh.” The resolution also “condemns the inaction of Russian ‘peacekeepers’; considers that their replacement with OSCE international peacekeepers, under a UN mandate, should be negotiated urgently”

8 February
The Russian Foreign Ministry rejected

The Russian Foreign Ministry rejected suggestions that EU or UN peacekeepers could be brought in.

18 February
A panel discussion was held on the sidelines of the 2023 Munich Security Conference

A panel discussion was held on the sidelines of the 2023 Munich Security Conference. The Prime Minister of Armenia Pashinyan discussed the humanitarian consequences of Azerbaijan’s blockade. The live streaming broadcast was interrupted on various official Azeri state media channels right after Pashinyan talked about how the elections in Armenia after the second Nagorno-Karabakh War were held in a democratic and free competitive environment.

22 February
Order of The International Court of Justice

The International Court of Justice ordered that Azerbaijan take all measures at its disposal to ensure unimpeded movement of persons, vehicles and cargo along the Lachin Corridor in both directions.

13 March
The former Prime Minister of Denmark and NATO Secretary General, Anders Fogh Rasmussen, visited the Lachin corridor

The former Prime Minister of Denmark and NATO Secretary General, Anders Fogh Rasmussen, visited the Lachin corridor stated that the Azerbaijani government is backing the blockade while using the pretext of an environmental protest. He proposed European and American military support to Armenia as an emerging democracy “to prevent another significant conflict or even ethnic cleansing in the our [the West’s] backyard.”

25 March
Violation of the ceasefire agreement

In violation of the ceasefire agreement, Azerbaijani forces occupied new positions in Nagorno-Karabakh and closed an alternative dirt road that certain Armenians were using to bypass the blockade at the Lachin corridor. Azerbaijan ignored calls from the Russian peacekeepers for Azeri forces to return to their original positions.

29 March
Laurent Wauquiez, the president of the Auvergne-RhĂ´ne-Alpes Regional Council of France, visited the Lachin corridor

Laurent Wauquiez, the president of the Auvergne-RhĂ´ne-Alpes Regional Council of France, visited the Lachin corridor as part of a French delegation to Armenia. He said the blockade marks the return of pan-Turkism to the 21st century. Wauquiez said he intends to send a blockade-busting humanitarian convoy to Nagorno-Karabakh, as a joint initiative by his region of Auvergne-Rhone-Alpes and the Armenian community of France.

30 March
Azerbaijani forces seized land in internationally recognized Armenia

Azerbaijani forces seized land in internationally recognized Armenia around the new southern section of the Lachin road leading from the villages of Tegh and Kornidzor towards Artsakh. Azerbaijani forces also blocked the old sections of the Lachin corridor.

23 April
Violation of the ceasefire agreement

In violation of the ceasefire agreement, Azerbaijani forces installed a military checkpoint at the Lachin corridor, at the Hakari/Kornidzor bridge next to a Russian peacekeeping base, a move that drew concerns and criticism from the Russian Federation, PACE, the United States, France, UK, and Canada. Video footage showed Russian peacekeepers not intervening as construction of the Azerbaijani military checkpoint was underway.

28 April
The alleged “eco-protestors” suspended their action

The alleged “eco-protestors” suspended their action, following a meeting with Aydin Karimov, a special representative of the Azerbaijani president, who asked them to disperse. Pro-government Azerbaijani state media reported that the “activists” were “very happy with the establishment of a border control mechanism” by the Azerbaijani government.

15 June
Azerbaijani forces crossed the Hakari bridge

Azerbaijani forces crossed the Hakari bridge and attempted to raise an Azerbaijani flag but were repelled by the Armenian border guards who opened fire. After the incident, Azerbaijan blocked all passage through the Lachin corridor, including humanitarian convoys from the Red Cross and Russian peacekeepers. Video footage showed Azerbaijani forces placing concrete road blocks on the bridge.

26 July
Azerbaijan blocked an emergency food convoy

Azerbaijan blocked an emergency food convoy of 19 trucks (400 tons) sent to Artsakh and called it a “provocation.”

1 August
Reports emerged of Azerbaijani forces abducting Artsakh citizens
Reports emerged of Azerbaijani forces abducting Artsakh citizens, with two incidents being confirmed: Azerbaijani forces detained a 65-year-old Artsakh patient who was being transported by the Red Cross. Azerbaijan alleged that the man was guilty of “war crimes” and that an international search warrant had been previously issued. Independent news outlet, Eurasianet said they could not find any evidence to substantiate Azerbaijan’s claim. Another 55-year-old man was detained at the military checkpoint for “illegally” crossing into Armenia.

Stop the Humanitarian Crisis
in Artsakh Nagorno-Karabakh!

Stop the Armenians genocide
in Artsakh (Nagorno-Karabakh)!

What Can You Do
to Help Us?

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Stop Blokaden i Artsakh
(Nagorno-Karabakh)
#StopArtsakhBlockade #StopArmenianGenocide2023 #SanctionAzerbaijan #RecognizeArtsakh #DKPol

Siden d. 12. december 2022 har de 120.000 armeniere der bor i Artsakh vÌret under blokade uden adgang til basale forsyninger som mad og medicin. Den Internationale Røde Kors KomitÊ havde adgang til at levere humanitÌr bistand i en begrÌnset omfang, men siden midten af juni har Aserbajdsjan ogsü blokeret deres adgang. Dermed er 120.000 armeniere, heraf 30.000 børn efterladt til at sulte ihjel.

Screenshot 2023-08-18 at 00.36.42

P1 Orientering

Lyt med om situationen i Nagorno-Karabakh (Artsakh):
Sona Margaryan Jørgensen, fortÌller lidt om den tragiske situation.